Job Safety Analysis

Posted by Melissa Hall in #YHSafetyTips, Jun 05, 2019

A Job Safety Analysis focuses on the relationship between the work, the task, the tools, and the work environment and aims to identify hazards before they occur. After hazards are identified, a determination is made on how to control or eliminate the hazards. Regularly conducting a Job Safety Analysis can help you control or eliminate hazards in the workplace and reduce the risk of an accident.

Investing in a Job Safety Analysis can help cut down on the costs of a workplace accident or fatality including:

  • Lost wages
  • Workers’ compensation
  • Low employee moral
  • A decrease in productivity
  • Work force shortages

Conducting a Job Safety Analysis

  1. Identify the types of jobs and activities that could be considered high risk
    • Jobs with high injury rates
    • Jobs with potential to cause severe injuries
    • Job where one human error could lead to accident or severe injury
    • Jobs that are new or have undergone process changes
    • Jobs that require written instruction
  2. Review OSHA standards for your industry, i.e.:
  3. Review accident history
    • Accidents + Occupational Illnesses that required treatment
    • Loses that required repair or replacement
    • Near Misses
  4. Outline the steps or tasks of each job
    • Watch the employee perform the job and list out each step
    • Photos or a video serve as references for more complicated processes
    • Review the steps with the employee responsible for the job to check for accuracy
  5. Document your answers to the following questions for each job
    • What can go wrong when performing this job or activity?
    • What are the consequences?
    • What circumstances could cause the hazard to occur?
    • Are there any other contributing factors?
    • What is the likelihood that a hazard will occur?

job hazard analysis form

Finally, your job doesn’t stop once a Job Safety Analysis is complete. Once hazards have been identified, you must take the steps needed to control or eliminate the hazard in the future.

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