Frequency of Crane Inspections

Posted by Melissa Hall in #YHSafetyTips, Aug 21, 2019

OSHA Standard 1980.19 for Overhead & Gantry Crane Regulations requires that all active cranes must be inspected once per year at a minimum. Depending on the crane’s usage, additional inspections are required.

Crane inspections can be classified as frequent or periodic inspections based on the intervals between inspections. Frequent inspections should be conducted daily or monthly, while periodic inspections can occur bimonthly, quarterly, or yearly. Cranes that have not been used for more than a month, but less than six months require a frequent inspection before use. Cranes that have not been used for more than six months require both periodic and frequent inspections before use.


  • Daily to monthly intervals
  • Daily inspections can be performed by the crane operator
  • Should be visually examined daily as well as tested and examined before each shift

Daily frequent inspections should check for the following:

  • Functional operating mechanisms for maladjustment that interferes with proper operation
  • Deterioration or leakage in lines, tanks, valves, drain pumps and other parts of hydraulic systems
  • Hoist chains including end connections for excessive wear, twisted, stretched, or distorted links
  • Hooks for cracks or deformities
  • Rope reeving for noncompliance with manufacturer’s recommendations

Monthly frequent inspections should check for the following:

  • Inspection of the hoist chains, hooks, and/or wire ropes by a certified inspector with a documented inspection record including date of inspection, signature of inspector, and identifiers of the equipment that was inspected

PERIODIC INSPECTIONS Periodic inspections are needed in one to twelve-month intervals, based on the service class of the crane. Periodic inspections require a complete inspection of the crane by a qualified inspector.

Frequency of Periodic Inspections

  • Cranes in normal service should have periodic inspections yearly
  • Cranes in heavy service, defined as use at 80 to 100% of rated load or in excess of 10 lift cycles per hour, should be inspected semi-annually
  • Cranes in severe service need to be inspected quarterly. Severe service is defined as normal or heavy use in an abnormal environment such as high or low temperatures, exposure to weather, corrosive fumes, dust or moisture, and hazardous locations.

Periodic Inspections should check for the following:

  • Loose bolts, cracked sheaves, damaged locking devices, and wear on braking systems
  • Examine load and wind indicators, gasoline & electric power parts, and electrical wiring
  • Deteriorated electrical components including pushbuttons, limit switches, or contactors

After completion of periodic inspections, the qualified inspector should document and note any deficiencies that may cause a safety hazard and may need to be addressed. The inspector must then decide whether the crane should be removed from service while it’s been repaired. If there is any doubt, the crane should be removed from service. Once the inspector has completed the full inspection, they must date and sign the inspection record. The inspection records should be kept on file and readily available should the need arise.

QUALIFIED CRANE INSPECTORS All YorkHoist Inspectors have years of experience in the industry and meet or exceed OSHA, CCAA, and CMAA qualifications. In addition, they have all successfully completed third party manufacturer training, as well as annual YorkHoist inspection and safety training.

INSPECTION REPORTS & MyHCR YorkHoist’s inspection reports are designed to be easy to understand. Our color-coded rating system makes it easy to identify and address deficiencies. In addition, real time access to your reports and repair quotes on MyHCR ensure your company is always in compliance.

Ready to schedule your own crane inspections? Contact your YorkHoist territory sales representative at (800) 846-1224.

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